Hydroponics is an indoor garden growing technique that allows you to grow plants without soil in nutrient-dense water. The benefits of hydroponics compared to traditional soil methods include more efficient use of water, increased production, faster grow times, and the ability to grow all year round. By eliminating external factors like weather, pests, and the need for chemical weed control products, hydroponics can produce healthier, more consistent results. Whether you are looking to grow herbs, tomatoes, or medical marijuana, hydroponics is an effective way to grow plants indoors.
Hydroponic systems are often indoor systems positioned in places where there isn't access to direct sunlight all day long. Most edible plants require at least six hours of sunlight each day, with 12 to 16 hours even better. So unless you have a sunroom or other such space with lots of window exposure, you'll likely need to provide supplemental grow lights. Hydroponic kit systems usually come with the necessary light fixtures, but if you are piecing together your own components, you will need to buy separate lighting fixtures.
The three most basic setups recommended for beginners are the wick, water culture, and ebb and flow. All three of these systems can be built from individual components purchased separately, or you can buy a complete setup kit from online retailers or in a hydroponics store.
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